Polonnaruwa (Polonnaruwa) became the capital of Sri Lanka after the destruction of Anuradhapura in 993 BC Located strategically at the crossing of the river hamlet and is part of the World Cultural Garden UNESCO. Before becoming the capital, this town was a rural residence. Today it is known for the huge Braman monuments built by the tribe Cholas and also represents the seat of the monumental ruins of a city rich with greenery, which is actually Parakramabahu built on in the XII century.
Also characteristic of this city is artificial irrigation reservoir, which covers an area of 2400 hectares and Lake Parakrama (Parakrama Samudra).
Worthy of mention is the royal citadel (fortress located in the city, but is still separated), which are Parakramababus palace and the administrative building. The impressive building with intricate carvings in stone, surrounded by a wall, 1 meter wide. External walls are located bath or Royal Bath of lotus which is made of stone and she can be reached by the external staircase.
In Gal Vihar, a Buddhist shrine, they are complex and well-preserved carved Buddha statues standing and lying down.